Sunday, March 18, 2018

Faridabad proposes development plan for 2031

The Development Plan of Faridabad for a projected population of over 39.55 lakh up to 2031, notified by the Haryana Government, not only provides for all facilities that go in the name of sustainable urban living but also guards against the pitfalls that seek to take away from it.  
             Be it density of population per hectare, connectivity by roads or Metro, power supply, traffic management, basic facilities or civic amenities, the futuristic Development Plan tends to look hence to find a solution to any problems that may arise in the near future.
                Giving details of extension of the urbanisable proposals, an official spokesman said here today the plan contained proposals for urbanization from Delhi border in the north up to the foothills of Aravalli ranges in the west and beyond Gurugram-Agra Canal in the east and up to the revenue estate of village Jharsently in south. 
                Since this town cannot be expanded towards north due to the constraint of Haryana-Delhi border, the additional area beyond east of Agra Canal, south and south-west of the town had been proposed for the development of additional urbanizable area to accommodate additional population, he added.
          The Final Development Plan, 2031 A.D. has been proposed, keeping in view the overall town density of 115 persons per hectare, to accommodate 39.55 lakh persons by 2031 A.D., within the urbanizable area of 34,368 hectares. 
          An area of 14,558 hectares has been proposed for residential purposes on the basis of average residential density of 271 persons per hectare (PPH). Every residential sector would be developed to sector density indicated in the drawing with 20 per cent variation on either side, and, in addition to it, the density as prescribed in the New Integrated Licensing Policy, Affordable Group Housing policy and Transit Oriented Development Policy.
          Twenty per cent group housing component policy would also be applicable in a residential sector. Three sectors--119, 143 and 146-- adjoining the proposed industrial sectors have been proposed with a density of 600 PPH, wherein only group housing projects would be permitted. Eight pockets of 25 hectares each have also been reserved for high density development of 1,125 PPH in sectors 99, 112, 119, 122, 139, 143, 146 and 156, paving the way for construction of smaller flats, and for providing housing to low and medium income group.
          The spokesman said the decision regarding increase in sector density had been incorporated in the plan with three provisions. These are: the additional area for infrastructure should be provided in the already planned or developed residential sectors to meet out the requirement of the additional population, minimum width of the roads in a residential colony or sector should not be less than 12 metres, and minimum area for parks or open spaces in a residential colony or sector should be planned in such a manner that it should meet the minimum norm of 2.5 square metres per person. 
               An area of 2,078 hectares has been proposed for commercial purposes. Since there is a tendency of converting existing residential areas into commercial areas along major roads, the present plan proposes commercial land use along major roads in a linear pattern along the sector roads between various sectors to curb the tendency to convert residential areas into commercial use. 
         In addition, sectors 100, 120 and 154 have been proposed as city centre. A 70-metre-wide strip of land in Sector 20A and 20-B facing Delhi-Mathura road has been converted from public and semi-public use to commercial. 
     The land use of sectors 27A, 27B, 27C and 27D and the existing industrial belt along Delhi-Mathura Road (NH-44) up to a depth of 200 metre in sector 32, 35 and 36, after leaving 50 metre-wide restricted belt along NH-44, has been converted into commercial land use. 
        The spokesman said that group housing, mixed land use and IT/ ITES projects would be allowed under specified policies governing development of Transit Oriented Development Zone. However, land use of industrial plots, already allotted by any government agency in this area, would be retained and would only be changed with prior permission of competent authority.
          An area of 6,179 hectares has been proposed for industrial development. The existing gas based thermal plant has already been accommodated in the Development Plan as special zone. The HSIIDC has already developed an Industrial Model Township (IMT) in Sectors 66, 67, 68 and 69 situated in the east of Agra Canal. Due to the existence of industries in Sector 13 land use there has been changed from institutional to industrial-cum-institutional.
          Provision of multi-level parking for each 100 acres urbanizable area and other small town level infrastructure facilities such as site for telephone exchange, site for transit station for solid waste disposal and site for Rein Basera would be provided at the time of preparation of the circulation plans of respective sectors. Group housing, commercial and mixed land use projects would be allowed under specified policies governing development of Transit Oriented Development Zone, he added.
             For smooth channelization of inter-city traffic, circulation pattern has been proposed in the Development Plan. Delhi-Mathura Road (National Highway No. 44), would continue to be the central axis for inter- state traffic to Delhi and Uttar Pradesh. To relieve this road from external traffic, a 60- metre-wide bypass road has been constructed by HUDA, as per the provisions of published Final Development Plan-2011 A.D. 
      On the western side, traffic from south Delhi via Mehrauli road and from Gurugram would bypass the city through the proposed 75-metre and 90-metres wide roads proposed parallel to the National Highway which links the existing Surajkund-Sohna road to the national highway near village Sikri. 
         Besides, 75-metre-wide and 90-metre-wide roads have been proposed for the additional urbanizable area proposed on the eastern side of Agra Canal, which would connect the existing roads and also to the proposed urbanizable area of Prithla, Noida and Greater Noida.
           He said that a 100-metre-wide road, known as Eastern Peripheral Expressway, had been proposed along with 100-metre wide green belt on both sides in the Development Plan. Two links with 75-metre-wide raod have been proposed to connect this expressway near Sector 121 and Sector 132. 
       The connectivity proposed near Sectors 131 and 132 has been proposed to facilitate the industrial sectors which would be developed by the HSIIDC and the same would not be included in the External Development charges to be fixed by HUDA.
          For intra-city traffic, a network of 60-metre-wide roads, along with 12- meter-wide service roads, spread at a distance of about 1 to 1.5 kilometers on the gridiron pattern have been proposed. These roads are the sector dividing roads. Within each sector, road network of 24-meter and 12-meter width would be adopted while preparing the detailed lay-out plan of each sector. 
He said that for proper linkages of urbanizable proposals on eastern and western side of the railway line one railway over bridge had been proposed on the crossing of 75-meter wide eastern peripheral road with the Delhi-Mathura Railway line near village Malerna.
          To integrate the urbanizable proposals on either side of Agra and Gurugram Canals, bridges on sector dividing roads have been proposed. The existing bridges near old Faridabad, Tigaon road, Palla road and Ballabgarh-Mohna Road require widening and strengthening. The Dedicated Freight Corridor from Mumbai to Dadri would be passing through the proposed urbanizable area. 
    A 30-meter-wide green belt has been proposed on both sides of the Dedicated Freight Corridor and in this 30-meter-wide green belt, 12 meter- wide service road has been proposed on both sides, he added.
          Two linkages from the outer peripheral road, near Sector 92 and near Sector 95 have been proposed for providing connectivity to Noida and Greater Noida respectively, he added.
          The spokesman said Metro rail had also been proposed along Delhi-Mathura road up to Ballabgarh which was being being implemented by Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. Besides, extension of this link up to village Sikri has been proposed as well as along the bypass road along Gurugram/Agra Canal and along 75-meter wide road along sectors 87, 88, 89, 84, 83, 78, 77, 72, 71, 68, 67 and 66, which however, would be subject to change as per feasibility and other studies to be conducted subsequently.
          The spokesman said in accordance with the proposals of Regional Plan 2021 A.D. of NCRPB, provision of Regional Rapid Transit System along the existing Delhi-Mathura Railway line had also been made. Further, Regional Plan provides for Inner Regional Orbital Rail Corridor (IRORC) to connect Sonepat-Jhajjar-Gurugram-Faridabad-Dadri-Meerut-Baghpat-Sonepat. 
    Apart from it, Orbital Rail Corridor has also been proposed along Eastern Peripheral Expressway with 50-meters width. Transport Nagars or sites have been proposed near the proposed industrial sectors along main roads. An area of 4,021 hectares has been proposed for transport and communication. 
          He said that in the Development Plan, all existing public utility sites had been accommodated. Similarly, the sites of sewage disposal had been proposed in the east of Agra Canal. A total area of 638 hectares has been proposed for public utility purposes. Efforts would be made for recycle or reuse of waste water and treated water should be utilized for revival of Badkhal lake. 
      As per the requirement of Public Health Engineering Department and HUDA, provision of Canal Based Water Works has been made in the development plan. Water supply systems in Faridabad, to a large extent, are dependent on ground water and the Ranney Wells, located along the Yamuna River.
          As per the Municipal Corporation, Faridabad, there are various government projects under schemes like JNNURM, construction of Tube wells bores, Ranney Wells, construction of UGSRs, OHSRs and laying of water supply lines of different diameters for meeting the growing demand of the population. 
       In the new urbanizable area, suitable sites for 400 KV and 220 KV substations have been allocated for the development of required infrastructure for transmission and distribution of electricity in consonance with the requirement of HVPNL. The Right of Way (ROW) corridor for overhead transmission lines for 400 KV and 220 KV shall be incorporated while planning the road cross section and in the abutting green belts/open spaces, he added.
          Site for solid waste disposal of Gurugram and Faridabad have been provided in the revenue estate of village Bandhwari in district Gurugram. For additional required sites for solid waste disposal, disposal of silt or debris, medical waste and for carcasses, four sites have been proposed, three on the eastern side and the other on the western side of the urbanizable area of the town. 
     In addition, area has also been exclusively earmarked for the purpose of cattle pond, slaughter house with meat market, dairy, piggery zone and Dog Kennel, he added.

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